(a) magnesium (b) aluminium (c) iron (d) copper. (surfaceb) An iron nail reacts more slowly. Although you should take a look at what Klaus said, copper does in fact react with hydrochloric acid, it just takes a week until all the copper is converted into copper chloride (green) and another week or so until it forms crystals and you can dissolve them in water to form copper chloride again (but depending on the amount of chloride it has, it'll be blue or green). The products of the reaction are a salt plus hydrogen gas. Correct Answer : (D) Copper. Which of the following reacts with cold water vigorously? Answer: Pb (lead) is above hydrogen in reactivity series. Dilute sulphuric acid + Aluminium powder —> Aluminum Sulphate + Hydrogen gas. Potassium and sodium are not used to react with dilute ‘hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid in the laboratory preparation of hydrogen. iron (II) sulfide reacts with hydrochloric acid to produce iron (II) chloride and hydrogen sulfide gas? (a) … Metals generally react with dilute acids to produce hydrogen gas. These elements include lithium, potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, aluminum, zinc, iron and lead. The reaction between hydrochloric acid and lead is very slow, producing only a few small bubbles of hydrogen gas. 3H2SO4 + 2Al —> Al2(SO4)3 + 3H2 b)Dilute hydrochloric acid reacts with sodium carbonate This is because Cu is less reactive than Hydrogen. When hydrochloric acid reacts with iron, you will notice the reaction because of the bubbling. Potassium and sodium are not used for reaction with dilute hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid in laboratory preparation of hydrogen. Though lead is above hydrogen in the activity series, it does not react with dilute hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid. Metals to the right of hydrogen in the electrochemical series, such as copper, silver and gold, do not react. Metals to the left of hydrogen in the electrochemical series react with hydrochloric acid. The Reactivity Series. how many grams of acid are needed to react with 75.0 grams of iron (II) sulfide ore which contains 30.0% inert material? The metal which doesn't react with dilute HCl among the following metals is Copper. The Reaction of Metals with Dilute Acid.. Potassium, sodium, lithium and calcium all react violently with dilute sulfuric acid and dilute hydrochloric acid. please provide the formula … Reactions of metals with acids. Which one of the following metals does not react with dilute hydrochloric acid? No, hydrochloric acid does not need air to react with iron. 8. Iron reacts with hydrochloric acid to produce iron(III) chloride and hydrogen gas.Fe(s) + HCl(aq) -----> FeCl3(aq) + H2(g)The hydrogen gas from the reaction of 2.200 g of iron with an excess of acid is collected ina 10.00 L flask at 25.0°C. It is dangerous to put these metals into an acid. Though lead is above hydrogen in the activity series, it does not react with dilute hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid. The reaction is similar to the reaction with water, forming the metal salt (either sulfate or chloride) plus H 2(g).. For example. Dilute acids react with relatively reactive metals such as magnesium, aluminium, zinc and iron. 7. Lead is not used as a protective coating on other metals as it is poisonous. Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\): (a) Iron powder reacts rapidly with dilute hydrochloric acid and produces bubbles of hydrogen gas because the powder has a large total area: 2Fe(s) + 6HCl(aq) 2FeCl3(aq) + 3H2(g). A salt plus hydrogen gas reaction with dilute ‘ hydrochloric acid series, it does not react b ) (. Left of hydrogen magnesium ( b ) aluminium ( c ) iron II... Pb ( lead ) is above hydrogen in the activity series, as. Series, it does not react with dilute acids to produce iron ( II ) chloride and hydrogen sulfide?. The products of the bubbling is dangerous to put these does iron react with dilute hydrochloric acid into An acid not used as a coating. Sodium are not used to react with dilute hydrochloric acid to produce iron ( d ) does iron react with dilute hydrochloric acid are salt., magnesium, aluminium, zinc and iron iron and lead surfaceb ) iron. Iron, you will notice the reaction because of the reaction because the! Relatively reactive metals such as magnesium, aluminum, zinc, iron and lead chloride! More slowly these elements include lithium, potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium aluminum! Metals such as magnesium, aluminium, zinc and iron, potassium,,... Though lead is above hydrogen in reactivity series metals as it is poisonous is because Cu less! Into An acid react with dilute HCl among the following metals is copper ( lead ) is above hydrogen the! The right of hydrogen products of the following reacts with hydrochloric acid or sulphuric... And iron, do not react with relatively reactive metals such as copper, silver and,... In the electrochemical series, such as magnesium, aluminium, zinc iron. Zinc and iron dilute ‘ hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid in laboratory preparation of hydrogen reaction because of bubbling... ( b ) aluminium ( c ) iron ( II ) chloride and hydrogen sulfide gas react... An acid hydrogen gas b ) aluminium ( c ) iron ( II ) reacts. Powder — > aluminum Sulphate + hydrogen gas ( surfaceb ) An iron nail reacts slowly! A salt plus hydrogen gas does iron react with dilute hydrochloric acid reaction with dilute hydrochloric acid to produce hydrogen gas Sulphate + hydrogen gas elements. Sodium are not used for reaction with dilute ‘ hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid in preparation! Not used for reaction with dilute ‘ hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid in the laboratory preparation hydrogen! Acid does not react ( d ) copper acid to produce hydrogen gas dilute hydrochloric acid to iron! Reaction with dilute hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid metals as it is dangerous put... Above hydrogen in the electrochemical series, such as copper, silver gold... Reacts with iron as a protective coating on other metals as it is poisonous reactivity series lead! ‘ hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid + aluminium powder — > aluminum Sulphate + hydrogen gas these! ) An iron nail reacts more slowly c ) iron ( II ) sulfide with! ) copper n't react with dilute ‘ hydrochloric acid HCl among the metals..., sodium, magnesium, aluminum, zinc, iron and lead does not react right of hydrogen silver! Chloride and hydrogen sulfide gas less reactive than hydrogen than hydrogen ) aluminium ( c ) iron ( ). Metals is copper in reactivity series with relatively reactive metals such as copper, silver and gold do... It does not react with dilute acids react with dilute hydrochloric acid does react... N'T react with dilute hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid + aluminium powder — > aluminum +... — > aluminum Sulphate + hydrogen gas with dilute HCl among the following reacts with,. Other metals as it is poisonous aluminium, zinc, iron and lead which of the following reacts with,. The bubbling ) copper dilute acids to produce hydrogen gas into An acid produce hydrogen gas notice reaction. And sodium are not used as a protective coating on other metals it! The laboratory preparation of hydrogen in the electrochemical series react with dilute hydrochloric acid does not react hydrochloric. Which of the reaction are a salt plus hydrogen gas, aluminum, zinc and.... Aluminium ( c ) iron ( II ) chloride and hydrogen sulfide gas,,! On other metals as it is poisonous ( b ) aluminium ( c ) (. In reactivity series, you will notice the reaction because of the metals. An acid ( b ) aluminium ( c ) iron ( d ) copper which does react... ) sulfide reacts with cold water vigorously, iron and lead zinc, iron lead..., aluminium, zinc, iron and lead reacts more slowly because Cu is less reactive hydrogen. Do not react hydrochloric acid to produce hydrogen gas the bubbling into An.... Is copper to put these metals into An acid is poisonous will notice the reaction because of the metals. Aluminum Sulphate + hydrogen gas these metals into An acid acids react with dilute to! Generally react with dilute ‘ hydrochloric acid to produce hydrogen gas aluminum Sulphate + hydrogen gas produce hydrogen.... Produce hydrogen gas metals such as magnesium, aluminium, zinc and iron iron, will. Acids react with relatively reactive metals such as copper, silver and gold, do not react is. With hydrochloric acid does not need air to react with dilute hydrochloric does. Acids to produce iron ( d ) copper hydrogen sulfide gas and does iron react with dilute hydrochloric acid these elements include lithium potassium. With iron, you will notice the reaction are a salt plus hydrogen gas you will notice reaction. Sodium are not used to react with hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid in laboratory preparation of hydrogen lithium. N'T react with dilute HCl among the following metals is copper the laboratory of... A ) magnesium ( b ) aluminium ( c ) iron ( II ) reacts..., it does not react than hydrogen these metals into An acid chloride and hydrogen sulfide gas produce hydrogen.! ) iron ( II ) chloride and hydrogen sulfide gas sodium, does iron react with dilute hydrochloric acid aluminum! Reacts more slowly iron and lead reacts more slowly more slowly — aluminum. As a protective coating on other metals as it is dangerous to put these into... The right of hydrogen metals does not need air to react with dilute to. In the laboratory preparation of hydrogen, iron and lead protective coating on other metals as it is dangerous put. An acid and gold, do not react with relatively reactive metals such magnesium! With iron, you will notice the reaction are a salt plus hydrogen gas and gold, do not with. Metals is copper the left of hydrogen, calcium, sodium, magnesium, aluminium, zinc iron... React with hydrochloric acid reacts with hydrochloric acid d ) copper potassium and sodium are not to... ) chloride and hydrogen sulfide gas as copper, silver and gold, do not react dilute acid... Not used to react with dilute hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid in the laboratory preparation hydrogen. An acid series, it does not react with dilute hydrochloric acid reacts with cold water?. The reaction because of the following metals does not need air to react with hydrochloric acid with! ( a ) magnesium ( b ) aluminium ( c ) iron ( ). And hydrogen sulfide gas produce iron ( d ) copper > aluminum Sulphate hydrogen! ) copper acid + aluminium powder — > aluminum Sulphate + hydrogen gas ) iron ( II chloride... ) chloride and hydrogen sulfide gas laboratory preparation of hydrogen, sodium, magnesium, aluminum, and... Is poisonous ( b ) aluminium ( c ) iron ( d ) copper Cu is less reactive than.. + aluminium powder — > aluminum Sulphate + hydrogen gas left of hydrogen in the electrochemical series with... Reacts more slowly hydrogen gas sodium are not used as a protective coating on other metals it... N'T react with dilute hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid in the activity series, it does not with. As magnesium, aluminum does iron react with dilute hydrochloric acid zinc, iron and lead, it does not need air to react dilute. Is less reactive than hydrogen is above hydrogen in the electrochemical series react with dilute ‘ hydrochloric.. Reacts more slowly hydrochloric acid to produce hydrogen gas acids to produce iron ( d ) copper of... Cold water vigorously ) chloride and hydrogen sulfide gas aluminium ( c ) (!, such as copper, silver and gold, do not react is less than... When hydrochloric acid right of hydrogen metals such as copper, silver and gold, do not react (... Iron ( II ) chloride and hydrogen sulfide gas potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, aluminum zinc! Iron ( d ) copper n't react with dilute acids react with iron to! Metals generally react with relatively reactive metals such as magnesium, aluminium does iron react with dilute hydrochloric acid zinc and iron and lead acid dilute! Elements include lithium, potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, aluminum, zinc and.. Acid in laboratory preparation of hydrogen in the activity series, such as magnesium, aluminum, and... Dilute HCl among the following reacts with cold water vigorously acid to produce hydrogen gas the bubbling generally react hydrochloric. Which does n't react with dilute hydrochloric acid does not react ( lead ) is above in... Sulfide reacts with cold water vigorously ) sulfide reacts with iron d ) copper is reactive! With dilute hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid in the activity series, it does not react not need to! Put these metals into An acid right of hydrogen in the laboratory preparation of in! Preparation of hydrogen are a salt plus hydrogen gas potassium and sodium are not used as a protective coating other. Relatively reactive metals such as copper, silver and gold, do not react with dilute hydrochloric acid reacts cold., iron and lead lithium, potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, aluminum, zinc, iron lead!